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January 17, 2018  
 Welcome Home - Elkin, North Carolina - Education, Business, Recreation...Quality of Life! Minimize

Visit The Best Small Town in America

Discover other North Carolina wonders here. The Elkin area offers some of the best places to bike, hike and drive to see the color display. The Blue Ridge Parkway, considered the nation’s most scenic byway, draws thousands of visitors to our region each year during winter, spring, summer, and autumn. For more detailed information go to YadkinValleyNC.com/elkin-towns-north-carolina.php  or www.whatsupinElkinNC.com




Where Exactly Is Elkin, North Carolina?
Elkin is the geographic center of the gorgeous Yadkin Valley located in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains.

Elkin is located off of I-77, which provides access to I-40 and I-85 to the south, and I-81 to the North heading to Virginia.

The US-21 bypasses the towns and US-421 is 10 minutes south. NC Highway 268 and NC-67 also pass through the region. More Detailed Maps

Elkin is approximately 70 miles north of Charlotte and 40 miles west of Winston-Salem. The Greensboro airport is 65 miles away and Charlotte’s Douglas International Airport is a 1-½ hour trip.

The Elkin Municipal Airport has a 4,000-foot runway for general aviation service for local communities

Winston-Salem: 40 miles - Greensboro: 60 miles Charlotte: 70 miles - Boone: 70 miles - Blue Ridge Parkway: 20 miles - Virginia/New River: 30 miles


The Town of Elkin, North Carolina
Incorporated: March 5, 1889 • Form of Government: Council-Manager Population: 4,111 (2000) County: Surry • Land Area: 9 square milesWater Supply: 3.0 mgd / Big Elkin CreekSewer Capacity: 1.8 mgd
United States Senate   United States House of Representatives State of North Carolina North Carolina General Assembly Northwest Piedmont Council of Government

A Tradition of Quality - Town of Elkin Water System ID # 02-86-020 Water Report

2016 - Annual Report 

The Town of Elkin is pleased to present to our customers its 2016 Annual Water Quality Report. This report is designed to inform you about the quality water and service we deliver to you every day. Our constant goal is to provide you with a safe and dependable supply of drinking water. Our water source is Elkin Creek. The water is treated at our 3 million gallon per day.

A Tradition of Quality


The Town of Elkin is pleased to present to our customers its 2016 Annual Water Quality Report.  This report is designed to inform you about the quality water and service we deliver to you every day.  Our constant goal is to provide you with a safe and dependable supply of drinking water.  Our water source is Elkin Creek.  The water is treated at our 3 million gallon per day plant.


As water travels over the land our underground, it can pick up substances or contaminants such as microbes, inorganic and organic chemicals, and radioactive substances.  All drinking water, including bottled drinking water, may be reasonably expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants.  It’s important to remember that the presence of these contaminants does not necessarily pose a health risk. Contaminants that may be present in source water include: (A) Microbial contaminants, such as viruses and bacteria, which may come from sewage treatment plants, septic systems, agricultural livestock operations, and wildlife   (B) Inorganic contaminants, such as salts and metals, which can be naturally-occurring or result from urban stormwater runoff, industrial or domestic wastewater discharges, oil and gas production, mining, or farming   (C) Pesticides and herbicides, which may come from a variety of sources such as agriculture, urban stormwater runoff, and residential uses   (D) Organic chemical contaminants, including synthetic and volatile organic chemicals, which are by-products of industrial processes and petroleum production.


The Town of Elkin routinely monitors for over 80 contaminants to make sure your drinking water is safe according to Federal and State laws.  This table shows the results of the contaminants detected for the period listed.


In the following table you will find terms and abbreviations you might not be familiar with.  To help you better understand these terms we’ve provided the following definitions:


Parts per million (ppm) or Milligrams per liter (mg/l) – one part per million corresponds to one minute in tow years or a single penny in $10,000.


Parts per billion (ppb) or Micrograms per liter – one part per billion corresponds to one minute in 2,000 years, or a single penny in $10,000,000.

Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) – The “Maximum Allowed” is the highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water.  MCLs are sent as close to the MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology.


Maximum Contaminant Level Goal (MCLG) – The “Goal” is the level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no-known or expected risk to health.  MCLGs allow for a margin of safety.


Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level Goal (MRDLG) - The level of disinfectant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health.


Maximum Residual Disinfection Level ( MRDL)           - The highest level of a disinfectant allowed in drinking water.


Nepholometric Turbidity Units (NTU) - The measure for water clarity

Treatment Technique (TT)-  A required process intended to reduce the level of a contaminant in drinking water.




Contaminant (Unit)





High       Low



Likely Source of Contamination

Microbiological Contaminants                                                                                                               2016

Turbidity (NTU)*



0.29        0.04



Soil Runoff




TT = percentage of samples < 0.3

Inorganic Contaminants                                                                                                                         2016

Lead (PPM)

Sampled:  June 2015



90th Percentile

<0.003  <0.003


AL = 0.015

Corrosion of household plumbing systems: erosion of natural deposits

Copper (PPM)

Sampled:  June 2015



90th Percentile

0.058   <0.050


AL = 1.3

Corrosion of household plumbing systems: erosion of natural deposits; leaching from wood preservatives

Fluoride (PPM)



1.49      0.55



Water additive which promotes strong teeth; erosion of natural deposits; discharge from fertilizer and aluminum factories

Total Organic Carbon (TOC)                                                                                                                 2016

Total Organic Carbon  – Treated Water (PPM)



1.0         1.0



Naturally present in the environment

Disinfectant Residual Summary                                                                                                              2016

Chlorine (PPM)



1.95       0.84


MRDL = 4

Water Additive used to control microbes

Disinfection By-Product Contaminants                                                                                                   2016

TTHM [Total Ttrihalomethanes] (PPB)

By-product of drinking water chlorination

161 Interstate Way [B01]



57.4        22.0




West Highland Apts [B02]



59.7       20.0




HAA [Total Haleacetic  Acids] (PPB)

By-product of drinking water chlorination

161 Interstate Way [B01]



35.2        14.8




West Highland Apts [B02]



45.7        14.6





*      Turbidity is the measure of the cloudiness of the water.  The Town monitors Turbidity because it is a good indicator of the effectiveness of our filter treatment system.  The turbidity rule requires that 95% or more of the monthly samples must be below 0.3 NTU.

**    Our water system used an Alternate Compliance Criteria (ACC) as the method used to comply with disinfectants/disinfection by-product treatment technique requirements.   The treated water TOC is required to be less than 2.0 mg/l.

***  Running Annual Average.

What Does This Mean?


As you can see by the table, our system did not exceed any drinking water standards.    We’re proud that your drinking water meets or exceeds all Federal and State requirements.   


We have learned through our monitoring and testing that some constituents have been detected.  The EPA has determined that your water IS SAFE at these levels.


All sources or drinking water are subject to potential contamination by substances that are naturally occurring or man made.  These substances can be microbes, inorganic or organic chemicals and radioactive substances.  All drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants.  The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that the water poses a health risk.  More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the Environmental Protection Agency’s Safe Drinking Water Hotline at 1-800-426-4791.


MCLs are set at very stringent levels.  To understand the possible health effects described for may regulated constituents, a person would have to drink 2 liters of water every date at the MCL level for a lifetime to have a one-in-a-million change of having the descried health effect.


Lead In Drinking Water


If present, elevated levels of lead can cause serious health problems, especially for pregnant women and young children.  Lead in drinking water is primarily from materials and components associated with service lines and home plumbing. The Town of Elkin is responsible for providing high quality drinking water, but cannot control the variety of materials used in plumbing components. When your water has been sitting for several hours, you can minimize the potential for lead exposure by flushing your tap for 30 seconds to 2 minutes before using water for drinking or cooking.  If you are concerned about lead in your water, you may wish to have your water tested. Information on lead in drinking water, testing methods, and steps you can take to minimize exposure is available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline or at http://www.epa.gov/safewater/lead.



Source Water Assessment


Everyone wants clean, safe drinking water and we assume this naturally resource will always be available to us.  However, surface water sources (lakes, rivers, streams, reservoirs) can be threatened by many potential contaminant sources (PCS).  These include urban storm water runoff, permitted wastewater discharges, runoff produced by agricultural activity and land clearing for development.  The Public Water Supply Section of the NC Department of Environment and Natural Resources conducted a source water assessment of Elkin Creek, our source water supply.  The source water assessment is a determination of the susceptibility of Elkin Creek’s potential to become contaminated by potential contaminant sources.  The susceptible rating is determined by combining the contaminant rating (number and location of PCSs within the assessment area) and the inherent vulnerability rating (i.e. characteristics or existing conditions of the watershed and its delineated assessment area).  The rating of our source water is as follows:


Source Name

Inherent Vulnerability Rating

Contaminant Rating

Susceptibility Rating

Yadkin River




Big Elkin Creek





This information was obtained from the SWAP report dated July 14, 2015.    The complete SWAP Assessment report for the Elkin Water Treatment Plant may be viewed on the Web at:  www.ncwater.org/pws/swap.  Note that because SWAP results and reports are periodically updated by the PWS Section, the results available on this web site may differ from the results that were available at the time this CCR was prepared.  If you are unable to access your SWAP report on the web, you may mail a written request for a printed copy to:  Source Water Assessment Program – Report Request, 1634 Mail Service Center, Raleigh, NC 27699-1634, or email requests to swap@ncdenr.gov.  Please indicate your system the water system name and number, and provide your name, mailing address and phone number.  If you have any questions about the SWAP report please contact the Source Water Assessment staff by phone at 919-707-9098.


It is important to understand that a susceptibility rating of “higher” does not imply poor water quality, only the systems’ potential to become contaminated by PCS’s in the assessment area.



Special Concerns


Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population.  Immuno-compromised person such as persons with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or other immune systems disorders, some elderly, and infants can be particularly at risk from infections.  These people should seek advice about drinking water from their health care providers.  EPA/CDC guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by Cryptosporidium and other microbial contaminants are available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline (800-426-4791)


Consumer Views Welcome


If you have any questions about this report or concerning your water utility, please contact us at 794-6464.  We want our valued customers to be informed about their water utility.  If you want to lean more, please attend any of the Town’s regularly scheduled meetings.  They are held the second Monday of each month at 7:00 pm.



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ADA Statement: The Town of Elkin complies with the requirements of United States Department of Justice under Title II of the American with Disabilities Act 1990. The Town Hall and Police Station are both fully accessible buildings. All public information is available by request with large type Braille. Interpreters are available by request to interpret for hearing impaired citizens. Accessible parking spaces are provided both for Town Hall and the Police Department. Accessible stations are available to do public business that may require writing. Public meetings are held in this building in fully accessible locations and the building has an accessible restroom available.

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The Town Of Elkin, North Carolina - Elkinnc.org - Monday-Friday 9:00 am - 5:00 pm Mailing Address: Post Office Box 857 Elkin, North Carolina 28621 Street Address: 226 North Bridge Street Elkin, North Carolina 28621 Town Hall Office Number: 336-794-6464